I18n

I18n provides internationalization support for your application, it supports 2 kinds of storages(backends), the database and file system.

GoDoc

Usage

Initialize I18n with the storage mode. You can use both storages together, the earlier one has higher priority. So in the example, I18n will look up the translation in database first, then continue finding it in the YAML file if not found.

import (
  "github.com/jinzhu/gorm"
  "github.com/qor/i18n"
  "github.com/qor/i18n/backends/database"
  "github.com/qor/i18n/backends/yaml"
)

func main() {
  db, _ := gorm.Open("mysql", "user:password@/dbname?charset=utf8&parseTime=True&loc=Local")

  I18n := i18n.New(
    database.New(&db), // load translations from the database
    yaml.New(filepath.Join(config.Root, "config/locales")), // load translations from the YAML files in directory `config/locales`
  )

  I18n.T("en-US", "demo.greeting") // Not exist at first
  I18n.T("en-US", "demo.hello") // Exists in the yml file
}

Once a database has been set for I18n, all untranslated translations inside I18n.T() will be loaded into translations table in the database when compiling the application. For example, we have an untranslated I18n.T("en-US", "demo.greeting") in the example, so I18n will generate this record in the translations table after compiling.

locale key value
en-US demo.greeting  

The YAML file format is

en-US:
  demo:
    hello: "Hello, world"

Use built-in interface for translation management with QOR Admin

I18n has a built-in web interface for translations which is integrated with QOR Admin.

 Admin.AddResource(I18n)

Then a page like this will be added to QOR Admin interface

i18n demo

You can check the online demo too.

Use with Golang templates

The easy way to use I18n in a template is to define a t function and register it as FuncMap:

func T(key string, value string, args ...interface{}) string {
  return I18n.Default(value).T("en-US", key, args...)
}

// then use it in the template
{{ t "demo.greet" "Hello, {{$1}}" "John" }} // -> Hello, John

Built-in functions for translations management

I18n has functions to manage translation directly.

  // Add Translation
  I18n.AddTranslation(&i18n.Translation{Key: "hello-world", Locale: "en-US", Value: "hello world"})

  // Update Translation
  I18n.SaveTranslation(&i18n.Translation{Key: "hello-world", Locale: "en-US", Value: "Hello World"})

  // Delete Translation
  I18n.DeleteTranslation(&i18n.Translation{Key: "hello-world", Locale: "en-US", Value: "Hello World"})

Scope and default value

Call Translation with Scope or set default value.

  // Read Translation with `Scope`
  I18n.Scope("home-page").T("zh-CN", "hello-world") // read translation with translation key `home-page.hello-world`

  // Read Translation with `Default Value`
  I18n.Default("Default Value").T("zh-CN", "non-existing-key") // Will return default value `Default Value`

Fallbacks

I18n has a Fallbacks function to register fallbacks. For example, registering en-GB as a fallback to zh-CN:

i18n := New(&backend{})
i18n.AddTranslation(&Translation{Key: "hello-world", Locale: "en-GB", Value: "Hello World"})

fmt.Print(i18n.Fallbacks("en-GB").T("zh-CN", "hello-world")) // "Hello World"

To set fallback Locale) globally you can use I18n.FallbackLocales. This function accepts a map[string][]string as parameter. The key is the fallback Locale and the []string is the Locales that could fallback to the first Locale.

For example, setting "fr-FR", "de-DE", "zh-CN" fallback to en-GB globally:

I18n.FallbackLocales = map[string][]string{"en-GB": []{"fr-FR", "de-DE", "zh-CN"}}

Interpolation

I18n utilizes a Golang template to parse translations with an interpolation variable.

type User struct {
  Name string
}

I18n.AddTranslation(&i18n.Translation{Key: "hello", Locale: "en-US", Value: "Hello {{.Name}}"})

I18n.T("en-US", "hello", User{Name: "Jinzhu"}) //=> Hello Jinzhu

Pluralization

I18n utilizes cldr to achieve pluralization, it provides the functions p, zero, one, two, few, many, other for this purpose. Please refer to cldr documentation for more information.

I18n.AddTranslation(&i18n.Translation{Key: "count", Locale: "en-US", Value: "{{p "Count" (one "{{.Count}} item") (other "{{.Count}} items")}}"})
I18n.T("en-US", "count", map[string]int{"Count": 1}) //=> 1 item

Ordered Params

I18n.AddTranslation(&i18n.Translation{Key: "ordered_params", Locale: "en-US", Value: "{{$1}} {{$2}} {{$1}}"})
I18n.T("en-US", "ordered_params", "string1", "string2") //=> string1 string2 string1

Inline Edit

You could manage translations' data with QOR Admin interface (UI) after registering it into QOR Admin, however we warn you that it is usually quite hard (and error prone!) to translate a translation without knowing its context...Fortunately, the Inline Edit feature of QOR Admin was developed to resolve this problem!

Inline Edit allows administrators to manage translations from the frontend. Similarly to integrating with Golang Templates, you need to register a func map for Golang templates to render inline editable translations.

The good thing is we have created a package for you to do this easily, it will generate a FuncMap, you just need to use it when parsing your templates:

// `I18n` hold translations backends
// `en-US` current locale
// `true` enable inline edit mode or not, if inline edit not enabled, it works just like the funcmap in section "Integrate with Golang Templates"
inline_edit.FuncMap(I18n, "en-US", true) // => map[string]interface{}{
                                         //     "t": func(string, ...interface{}) template.HTML {
                                         //        // ...
                                         //      },
                                         //    }

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