L10n

L10n gives your GORM models the ability to localize for different Locales. It can be a catalyst for the adaptation of a product, application, or document content to meet the language, cultural, and other requirements of a specific target market.

GoDoc

Usage

L10n utilizes GORM callbacks to handle localization, so you will need to register callbacks first:

import (
  "github.com/jinzhu/gorm"
  "github.com/qor/l10n"
)

func main() {
  db, err := gorm.Open("sqlite3", "demo_db")
  l10n.RegisterCallbacks(&db)
}

Making a Model Localizable

Embed l10n.Locale into your model as an anonymous field to enable localization, for example, in a hypothetical project which has a focus on Product management:

type Product struct {
  gorm.Model
  Name string
  Code string
  l10n.Locale
}

l10n.Locale will add a language_code column as a composite primary key with existing primary keys, using GORM's AutoMigrate to create the field.

The language_code column will be used to save a localized model's Locale. If no Locale is set, then the global default Locale (en-US) will be used. You can override the global default Locale by setting l10n.Global, for example:

l10n.Global = 'zh-CN'

Create localized resources

// Create global product
product := Product{Name: "Global product", Description: "Global product description"}
DB.Create(&product)
product.LanguageCode   // "en-US"

// Create zh-CN product
product.Name = "中文产品"
DB.Set("l10n:locale", "zh-CN").Create(&product)

// Query zh-CN product with primary key 111
DB.Set("l10n:locale", "zh-CN").First(&productCN, 111)
productCN.Name         // "中文产品"
productCN.LanguageCode // "zh"

Keeping localized resources' fields in sync

Add the tag l10n:"sync" to the fields that you wish to always sync with the global record:

type Product struct {
  gorm.Model
  Name  string
  Code  string `l10n:"sync"`
  l10n.Locale
}

Now the localized product's Code will be the same as the global product's Code. The Code is not affected by localized resources, and when the global record changes its Code the localized records' Code will be synced automatically.

Query Modes

L10n provides 5 modes for querying.

  • global - find all global records,
  • locale - find localized records,
  • reverse - find global records that haven't been localized,
  • unscoped - raw query, won't auto add locale conditions when querying,
  • default - find localized record, if not found, return the global one.

You can specify the mode in this way:

dbCN := db.Set("l10n:locale", "zh-CN")

mode := "global"
dbCN.Set("l10n:mode", mode).First(&product, 111)
// SELECT * FROM products WHERE id = 111 AND language_code = 'en-US';

mode := "locale"
db.Set("l10n:mode", mode).First(&product, 111)
// SELECT * FROM products WHERE id = 111 AND language_code = 'zh-CN';

Qor Integration

Although L10n could be used alone, it integrates nicely with QOR.

L10n Demo with QOR

By default, QOR will only allow you to manage the global language. If you have configured Authentication, QOR Admin will try to obtain the allowed Locales from the current user.

  • Viewable Locales - Locales for which the current user has read permission:
func (user User) ViewableLocales() []string {
  return []string{l10n.Global, "zh-CN", "JP", "EN", "DE"}
}
  • Editable Locales - Locales for which the current user has manage (create/update/delete) permission:
func (user User) EditableLocales() []string {
  if user.role == "global_admin" {
    return []string{l10n.Global, "zh-CN", "EN"}
  } else {
    return []string{"zh-CN", "EN"}
  }
}

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